Specific workshops will be held during the course of the MediNet project, involving both the Institutions doing the emission & removal estimations and the Institutions/Universities working on Cropland and Grassland related themes. Specifically, the workshops will follow the specific themes treated in Actions A.3, A.4 and A.5, and will be focused on:
a) Cropland and Grassland areas that are subject to a change in management
The workshop will focus on the identification and the selection of the recommended approaches to identify and track activity data.
According to the IPCC, emissions and removals are calculated multiplying activity data by an emission factor. Therefore, obtaining good activity data is one of the key fundamental steps in obtaining good estimates of emissions and removals. While agricultural statistics provide a good input for total areas under particular crop types, they are a relatively poor information source for providing a spatial picture of where those crops are being grown (including where gross increases and gross decreases in area are taking place in any particular year) and, even less, in providing information on how those crops are managed. An additional challenge is obtaining consistent time series of all these changes over time.
b) Contribution of above ground biomass and deadwood from perennial crops
The main carbon pools in cropland and grassland are living biomass and soil carbon.
It is very likely that the contribution of living biomass or deadwood from annual crops or grasses to climate change is only marginal (as gains are probably offset by losses on an annual basis), the same will not be true for permanent crops and shrubby grasslands and for agri-forests systems or systems involving tree or shrub hedges.
While biomass dynamics in forests are well understood and modelled (e.g. using information from National Forest Inventories and forest growth models), biomass gains and losses in cropland and grassland are not so well understood.
The workshop will focus on the identification of the approaches to report emissions factors in living biomass and deadwood for cropland and grassland.
c) Soil organic carbon data for the different types of management used in cropland and grassland
While some management systems are relatively well understood (e.g. no-till versus tillage), other practices and management systems that may have an impact on soil carbon are not yet fully characterised and used for reporting at national level. The workshop “Gains and losses in Soil Carbon” will focus on the identification of emission factors, specific for the Mediterranean area, for land use change to cropland and grassland and vice-versa to replace IPCC tier 1 default factors and to increase the number of management practices that are currently used for reporting purposes at National level.
2) Farmer’s Day:
Farmers and farmer organisations still lack some basic knowledge on the impact of farming on climate change. Capacity building initiatives, such the Farmer’s Day, will help farmers understand the variety of emission and removal sources and of greenhouse gases which are affected by their activities.
The project will produce results that will better inform and quantify the impacts of certain farming practices on GHG emissions and removals. The farmer’s day will be an excellent opportunity for communicating the results to the most relevant audience, the farmers themselves.
The farmer’s day is an initiative that aims to fulfil the following objectives:
Communication of project results
Capacity building on impacts of agriculture management systems on GHG emissions and removals
Indication of where to get support for climate smart options, in particular in relation with opportunities arising from funding under the CAP and Rural Development Programmes.
CAP and Rural Development Programmes support a multitude of actions and serve different objectives. The farmer’s day will assist farmers in identifying the most relevant ones for supporting management systems that have a positive impact on climate change.
Two meeting will be held in 2017:
Farmer’s Day Portugal
Farmer’s Day Italy